Sadaqah or Saddka (صدقة) is an Islamic term that means ‘voluntary charity’.
This can be any act of giving out of compassion, love, friendship or generosity.
Sadaqah and Zakāt are acts of worship undertaken as a means of spiritual purification.
Sadaqah is different from Zakāt as it can also involve the sharing of happiness among Allah’s creation, such as saying kind words, smiling at someone, taking care of animals or the environment, etc. Unlike Zakāt, Sadaqah is not obligatory.
Hadith on Sadaqah:
‘Sadaqah extinguishes sin as water extinguishes fire’ (Tirmidhi:2541)
‘Sadaqah appeases the Lord’s anger and averts an evil death’ (Tirmidhi:1909)
Abu Hurairah reported: Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم) said, ‘Every day the sun rises, charity (Sadaqah) is due on every joint of a person. Administering justice between two people is a charity; and assisting a man to mount his beast, or helping him load his luggage on it is a charity; and a good word is a charity; and every step that you take (towards a masjid) for salat is a charity; and removing harmful things from the road is a charity.’ (From Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)