بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
“And your Lord says: “Call on Me; I will answer your prayer”.
Al-Fatihah: The Opening
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِي
Bismillahir rahmaanir raheem
In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
الْحَمْدُ لِلَّـهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
Alhamdulillahi rabbil alamin
All praise is due to God, the Lord of the Universe;
the Beneficent, the Merciful;
مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ
Maliki yawmid deen
Lord of the Day of Judgement.
إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ
Iyaaka na’budu wa iyaaka nasta’een
You alone we worship, and to You alone we turn for help.
اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ
Ihdinas seeratal mustakeem
Guide us to the straight path:
صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ
Seeratal lathina an’amta ‘alaihim gairil magdubi ‘alaihim wa laad daaleen
the path of those You have blessed; not of those who have incurred Your wrath, nor of those who have gone astray.
- Surah Al-Fatihah is the first du’a of the Qur’an.
- Revealed in Makkah – it was the first complete Surah to be revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), it was revealed quite early in the revelation
- The Surah is known by many names including the Quran, Opening, Umm-ul-Kitab (Mother of the Book) as it is the foundation and essence of the Quran and also known as the Sab’a Mathani (Seven oft-repeated verses)
- The Surah is the introduction to the Quran, contains the summary of the Quran and dua (supplication)
- All actions should be started by the name of Allah for His blessings.
- Allah has many names and has chosen to use Ar-Rahman and Ar-Raheem at the beginning of the Quran, reminding us of His mercy
- Surah begins with a du’a and ends with du’a. This du’a taught by Allah to mankind, as a favour, to let us know the format of a Prayer that is acceptable to Him.
The Surah is in 3 parts:
- Praise to Allah
- Statement of our intention
- Surah Al-Fatihah is the first surah in the Qur’an and it is the only surah that we are obligated to read in every rakaat (unit of prayer). It is recited at least 17 times daily in the 5 obligatory prayers.
- The following hadith is a beautiful illustration of how Allah responds to when we recite Surah Al-Fatihah:
Narrated by Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him), the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, Allah said:
“I have divided the prayer between Myself & My servant equally and My servant shall be granted what he asked for.”
When the servant says, ‘All praises & thanks are due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds’,
Allah says ‘My servant has praised me.’
When the servant says, ‘The All merciful, the most merciful’,
Allah says ‘My servant has extolled Me.’
When he says ‘Master of the Day of Judgment’;
Allah says ‘My servant has glorified me.’
When he says, ‘You Alone we worship and your aid we alone do we seek’,
Allah says, ‘This is between Me and My servant and My servant shall have what he requested.’
When he says ‘Guide us to the straight path, the path of those whom You have favoured, not the path of those who have earned your anger, nor of those who have gone astray,’
Allah says ‘This is for My servant & My servant shall have what he asked for.’”
(Sahih : Muslim)