Athan

Athan (أذان) is the call to prayer for Muslims. The first Muadhin was Bilal ibn Rabah al-Habashi, and he was chosen by Muhammad (صلي الله عليه وسلم).

The Muadhin
A person who calls people for the congregational prayer is called a Muadhin. Before saying the athan, he should stand facing the Qibla (Muslim name for the direction faced during prayer being the focal point for prayer). He should raise his hands to his ears putting the tips of forefingers into his ears and call in a loud voice. When he says ‘Hayya alas salah’ he should turn his face to the right and when he says ‘Hayya alal falah’ he should turn his face to the left.

Note: The Qibla is a reference to the Ka’bah in the city of Makkah al-Mukarramah, Saudi Arabia.

The Athan (أذان)

الله أكبر  Allahu Akbar (Allah is the greatest)
الله أكبر  Allahu Akbar (Allah is the greatest)
الله أكبر  Allahu Akbar (Allah is the greatest)
الله أكبر  Allahu Akbar (Allah is the greatest)

أشهد أن لا اله إلا الله  Ash-had al-la ilaha illallah (I testify that there is no God except for Allah)
أشهد أن لا اله إلا الله  Ash-had al-la ilaha illallah (I testify that there is no God except for Allah)

أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله  Ash-hadu anna Muħammadan rasulullah (I testify that Muhammad is a Messenger of Allah)
أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله  Ash-hadu anna Muħammadan rasulullah (I testify that Muhammad is a Messenger of Allah)

حي على الصلاة  Hayya ‘ala-salahh (Come to prayer)
حي على الصلاة  Hayya ‘ala-salahh (Come to prayer)

حي على الفلاح  Hayya ‘ala ‘l-falah (Come to worship)
حي على الفلاح  Hayya ‘ala ‘l-falah (Come to worship)

الصلاة خير من النوم  As-salatu khayru min an-nawm (Prayer is better than sleep)
الصلاة خير من النوم  As-salatu khayru min an-nawm (Prayer is better than sleep)

قد قامت الصلاة  Qad qama tis salah (Is time for prayer)  
قد قامت الصلاة  Qad qama tis salah (Is time for prayer)

الله أكبر  Allāhu akbar (Allah is the greatest)
الله أكبر  Allāhu akbar (Allah is the greatest)

لا إله إلا الله  La ilaha illallah (There is no God except for Allah)

Note:  الصلاة خير من النوم As-salatu khayru min an-nawm (Prayer is better than sleep)
is only stated at Fajr prayer time

Whilst listening to the Athan (أذان)
When a muslim hears the Athan they should listen to it in silence and repeat each phrase of the Athan in silence immediately after the Muadhin has finished saying the phrase.

When the Muadhin says, ‘Hayya alas salah’ and ‘Hayya alal falah’ the listener should say in reply, La hawla wala quwaata illa bil lah (there is no power or might except from Allah).

Dua Post Athan (أذان)
After you hear the Athan it is important to state the following dua.
اللهم رب هذه الدعوة التامة والصلاة القائمة
آت محمداً الوسيلة و الفضيلة
وابعثه مقاماً محموداً الذي وعدته

Allahumma rabba hadhi-hid da’wa-tit-tamma wa-salati al Qae-ma (O God, Owner of this perfect call and Owner of this prayer to be performed).
Ati muhammadan al wasilata wal fadeela (Bestow upon Muhammad al waseelah (a station in Paradise (Jannah) and al fadeelah (a rank above the rest of creation)).
Wab ath-hu maqaman mahmudan alladhi wa aadtha (And raise him to the rank you have promised him).

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